What is Cough?
The term cough is used to describe a repetitively occurring defense reflex that aids in clearing large breathing passages from excess secretions. Apart from secretions, irritants, foreign particles and microbes are also responsible for blocking the air passage. Reflexes associated with cough are of three phases and these include inhalation, forced exhalation that is alongside a closed glottis and thirdly there is a violent release of air from the lungs. This is followed due to the opening of the glottis and it is accompanied by a distinctive sound. Coughing can occur voluntarily or non-voluntarily.
Causes of Coughing:
There are various kinds of respiratory disorders that may cause people to cough and these include tract infections like common cold, pneumonia, pertussis, and tuberculosis, with the latter being a rare finding in normal chest X-rays. There are other causes of cough and usually chronic cough is caused due to asthma, post-nasal drip, gastro esophageal reflux disease, post viral cough and ACE inhibitors. Often asthma patients suffer from cough-variant asthma. The two kinds of cough have different causes and it has been seen that atopic cough can happen in people with a family history of atopy or even abundant eosinophils in the sputum. Bronchial asthma is associated with coughing, when some people with mild asthma get cough as a symptom of the disease. Even people with heartburns are prone to cold as the acid from the stomach can get back into your throat and this is also known as acid reflux, which leads to cough. There are some allergies caused by postnasal that run down the throat from the back of the nose and lead to cough. Apart from these factors dust, smoke, molds, pets, certain plants, cleaning agents and room deodorizers can cause allergic reactions and cough.
Treatments for Cough:
There are various kinds of treatments for cough and these are associated with the type of cough that a person is suffering from. The common cough can be easily treated through medicines like cough suppressants, which help to suppress the bodies urge to cough along with expectorants that loosen mucus in the respiratory tract. The basic functioning of the cough suppressants is to reduce the urge to cough. There are some cough suppressants that act centrally and these include options like codeine and dextromethorphan, which work through depolarization of the vagus nerve. This nerve leads from the brain stem and caters to the chest area. Benzonatate works by anesthetizing stretch receptors in the lungs and there are various medicines made using this element. Treatments for cough can be availed at all major hospitals like Apollo.
Natural and Home Remedies:
Kerala ayurvedic treatment center is best center for treating Cough.
- Fill half cut lemon with pepper and salt and suck.
- Eat grapes
- Have grounded pepper in honey 2-3 times daily.
- Take the mixture of ginger and pepper 2-3 times daily.
- Eat garlic at nigh twice with meals.
- Have honey with grape juice.
- Gargle with warm spinach juice.
- Have tea with aniseed and holy basil.
- Chew 4 black pepper and holy basil.
- Add juice from onion with honey and have 2-3 times daily.