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What is Eczema?

Basically eczema is defined as a form of dermatitis, which is kind of inflammation of the epidermis and this term can be broadly applied to a range of persistent skin conditions. It has been seen that eczema is involved with dryness and recurring skin rashes that can be identified with one or more symptoms like skin swelling, redness, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, cracking, blistering, oozing, or bleeding. Some times these areas also suffer from temporary skin discolorations which are caused due to healed lesions but scarring is rare. In contrast to psoriasis, it has been seen that eczema is likely to be found on the flexor aspect of joints.

Symptoms of Eczema:
There are various kinds of symptoms associated with eczema but often the most common ones are easily identified and help to diagnose the problem. The symptoms of eczema include itchy skin, inflamed skin, redness in the skin and swelling of the skin, weeping, skin cracking, crusting, scaling, blisters, red cheek rash, crusty rash on the cheek, arm rashes and crusty arm blisters.

Cause of Eczema:
There are some forms of eczema, which don’t have known causes but most forms of the ailment have been associated with genetic diseases. It has been seen that eczema rises due to interplay of multiple genes, where external environmental factors have a vital role. It has also been seen that atopic genes, which are present, are less environmental initiators that are required to produce eczema. Basically the cells, which are located at the centre of the inflammation are called T lymphocytes and are known for combating the immune reactions of the body. Some causes of eczema include rise in T-cell activity in response to various antigens. Along with this the excess stimulation of T-cells by genetically altered cells and genetic defects in the epidermal barrier are some of the known causes of the disease.


Prevention and Treatment of Eczema:
Natural and Ayurvedic:

It has been seen that treatment of eczema mainly includes the prevention of itching, inflammation, and worsening of the condition. Hence various treatments of eczema can include alterations in lifestyle along with use of medications. Most of the times, treatment is always based on the individual's age and their overall health status is considered along with the kind and severity of the condition. It is necessary to keep your skin well nourished and hydrated during these times and hence application of creams or ointments is vital here.

Home Remedies:

  • Some corticosteroid creams are prescribed to decrease the inflammatory reaction of the ailment.
  • For controlling the itching some sedative type antihistamine drugs are also effective.
  • The short course of oral corticosteroids can also be prescribed to control an acute outbreak of eczema.
  • Apply coconut oil, mudpack and take sun bath.
  • Apply spearmint leaf juice and mash almond leaf juice.
  • Apply camphor and sandal wood paste and mash of papaya seeds.
  • Apply carrot and muskmelon.

Some of the best places to get this ailment treated include All India Institute of Medical Sciences and other reputable hospitals.

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