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NOSE BLEED

Nosebleeds and Symptoms:
The term nosebleed is used in common English to define the medical term Epistaxis, which is a common occurrence of hemorrhage from the nose. This is mostly noticed when the blood drains out through the nostrils and there are two types of nosebleeds. These are known as anterior, which is the most common and posterior, which is less common and also needs medical attention. There are also some serious cases where blood can come up the nasolacrimal duct and come out from the eye. There are also instances where fresh blood and clotted blood flow into the stomach and cause nausea and vomiting. However these causes are rare and the most common symptom of this ailment is bleeding from the nose. The nosebleeds are a result of the rupture of a blood vessel within the richly perfuse nasal mucosa and this can be spontaneous or initiated by trauma. All age groups are prone to these kinds of nosebleeds and usually these are not fatal.

Causes of Nosebleeds:
Basically the causes of nosebleeds can be divided into two categories, which are the local and systemic factors. But there are various instances where bleeding from the nose can occur for no obvious reason.

The local factors, which cause nosebleeds, are anatomical deformities like septal spurs, blunt trauma or an occasion where a sharp blow to the face is made, then there are foreign bodies like picking your nose too much, inflammatory reactions like severe respiratory tract infections or chronic sinusitis along with environmental irritants that cause nosebleeds. Then there are also insufflated drugs like cocaine and intranasal tumors like nasopharyngeal carcinoma or nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, which cause nosebleeds. Then there are reasons like low relative humidity of inhaled air, especially during cold winter seasons that cause the same. The Nasal prong O2 that dries olfactory mucosa and prolonged or improper use of nasal steroids and sprays also cause the same. Apart from these Otic barotrauma like sudden descent in scuba or sky diving and surgery are the local causes of nosebleeds.

The systemic factors that cause nosebleeds include drugs like aspirin, warfarin, ibuprofen, clopidogrel, Fexofenadine, allegra, Telfast, isotretinoin, desmopressin, ginseng and other similar drugs. The factors like alcohol, allergies, anemia, blood dyscrasias, connective tissue disease, hematological malignancy, hypertension, idopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, pregnancy, infectious diseases, vascular disorders and vitamin C or vitamin K deficiency can lead to nosebleeds.

Treatment for Nosebleeds:
Natural and Ayurvedic:

There are various kinds of treatments available for nosebleeds but usually flow of blood normally stops when the blood clots. This can be encouraged by applying direct pressure on the nose through pinching the soft fleshy part of the nose, also known as Little's area. This area is the source of the majority of nosebleeds and promotes clotting. However the pressure applied should be firm and should be applied for at least five minutes with the head tilted forward to decrease the chance of nausea and airway obstruction.

  • Soak cotton in apple cider vinegar or lemon juice or juice of nettle leaves and keep in the nostril.
  • Grind cumin and apple cider vinegar mixture is soaked in cotton and kept in the nostril.
  • Cotton soaked with onion juice and kept in nostril can stop nose bleed within 3-4 minutes.

These treatments can be availed at most hospitals and centers across the country and is best at Apollo hospitals.

 
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