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SKIN ABRASION

Dealing With Skin Abrasion:
The term skin abrasions have been commonly used for sports injuries and other similar kinds of injuries, which result in deep wounds and cuts on the skin. These injuries are usually caused by a fall on a hard surface. For instance, if an athlete falls or slides on the ground then the friction leads to layers of the skin to rub off. Since the skin is made of an outer layer called the epidermis, it is also provided protection by the same. Then there are also other layers in the skin like a deep inner layer called the dermis, which helps the skin by giving it firmness and flexibility of the skin. Hence these skin abrasions can be referred to as injuries that remove these layers of skin. Athletes are most prone to these injuries and often the cyclists and runners are getting these problems.

Symptoms of Skin Abrasion:
In skin abrasion there is a painful and severe abrasion of the skin. Usually the skin scrapes do not extend into the dermis in regular injuries and hence they don't cause a great deal of bleeding. But with skin abrasions there may be no blood loss or little blood loss, which can be followed by a great deal of pain and the nerve endings are exposed.



Causes of Skin Brasion:

The most common causes of skin abrasion are injuries or sudden falls in which the person loses his or her balance. The other causes of skin abrasion can be the severe rubbing of the skin against a hard surface along with other related symptoms.

Treatment for Skin Abrasions:
One of the most conventional treatments for skin abrasions is cleaning the wound with mild soap and water or a mild antiseptic wash. These include washes that contain hydrogen peroxide, and the entire affected area should be covered with an antibiotic ointment and a dry dressing. But it has been seen that using too much of hydrogen peroxide may actually cause harm to the tissue and delay the healing process. If there is a severe abrasion on the skin then a doctor should be consulted and there are some factors that should be implemented to promote healing.

Since skin abrasions can be easily infected, you should clean the area thoroughly and ensure that you remove any dirt and debris. You should apply a nontoxic surfactant such as the 0.9 sodium chloride, with a bit of pressure on the area and use clean gauze to gently scrub the area. The area should not be rubbed vigorously as this can lead to added problems. The other option here is using a semi-permeable dressing so that you can cover the wound and attach the dressing with adhesive tape, which should be changed every few days. At times taking tetanus is required and though most skin abrasions can be dealt with through home treatments, there are some serious cases, which require medication and professional dressing. The treatments for these skin abrasions are available at all hospitals across the country.

 
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