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VOMITING

What is Vomiting?
Vomiting has been commonly referred to as throwing up, emesis, and barfing. These are the terms used to define the forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach, which is done through the mouth and at times through the nose. The undesired vomiting has many causes and hence vomiting should not always be considered lightly. There are a lot of factors that may cause vomiting and these include gastritis or poisoning, brain tumors, or elevated intracranial pressure. The feeling of vomiting is termed as nausea and this is the most common symptom of vomiting. This condition precedes vomiting but may not always lead to vomiting. The uses of medicines are often necessary to suppress nausea and vomiting, especially if dehydration develops and the intravenous fluid requires medicinal supervision.

It should be remembered that vomiting is different from regurgitation even though these are two terms which have been often used interchangeably. Basically regurgitation is the return of undigested food, which has not reached the stomach, and hence it comes back up the esophagus to the mouth. Both these problems have different causes and thus required different solutions. The concept of vomiting occurs in two phases and these are known as retching phase, where the abdominal muscles go through a few rounds of coordinated contractions, combined with the diaphragm and the muscles used in respiratory inspiration. In the next phase or the expulsive phase, there is an intense pressure formed in the stomach due to enormous shifts in both the diaphragm and the abdomen.

Causes of Vomiting:
The causes of vomiting vary largely and are caused due to different reactions and problems of the body. The causes of vomiting due to problems in digestive tract include gastritis, Pyloric stenosis, bowel obstruction, over eating, ileus, acute abdomen and peritonitis along with allergic reaction of the body to certain products like milk. The sensory system can lead to vomiting too and these include motion sickness, height problems, Ménière's disease and other similar reasons. The problems of the brain can also lead to vomiting and these include concussion, cerebral hemorrhage, brain tumors, migraine, benign intracranial hypertension and hydrocephalus and other similar reasons.

Treatment of Vomiting:
Basically the symptomatic treatment are suggested when the underlying illness is being investigated as the symptoms of vomiting need to be understood to treat the disease. It should be remembered that nausea and vomiting can be made worse if the patient is dehydrated and this results in a vicious cycle, which makes it difficult to drink fluid. Hence the dehydration is made worse and this leads to further problems. You can avail of anti-nausea medications from professionals and these include promethazine, prochlorperazine and other related medicines. The homemade treatments for vomiting include chewing gum or mint, or keeping cardamom and clove in the mouth. Chewing on digestive ingredients like asafetida and oregano are suggested. Though medications are required in severe cases, hospitalization is required only if the condition of the patient does not improve through home made remedies.

 
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